dht.rdoc

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Last Update: Sun Nov 14 14:53:48 -0800 2010

Discrete Hankel Transforms

This chapter describes functions for performing Discrete Hankel Transforms (DHTs).

  1. Definitions
  2. Initialization
  3. Methods

Definitions

The discrete Hankel transform acts on a vector of sampled data, where the samples are assumed to have been taken at points related to the zeroes of a Bessel function of fixed order; compare this to the case of the discrete Fourier transform, where samples are taken at points related to the zeroes of the sine or cosine function.

Specifically, let f(t) be a function on the unit interval. Then the finite \nu-Hankel transform of f(t) is defined to be the set of numbers g_m given by, so that, Suppose that f is band-limited in the sense that g_m=0 for m > M. Then we have the following fundamental sampling theorem. It is this discrete expression which defines the discrete Hankel transform. The kernel in the summation above defines the matrix of the \nu-Hankel transform of size M-1. The coefficients of this matrix, being dependent on \nu and M, must be precomputed and stored; the GSL::Dht object encapsulates this data. The constructor GSL::Dht.alloc returns a GSL::Dht object which must be properly initialized with GSL::Dht#init before it can be used to perform transforms on data sample vectors, for fixed \nu and M, using the GSL::Dht#apply method. The implementation allows a scaling of the fundamental interval, for convenience, so that one can assume the function is defined on the interval [0,X], rather than the unit interval.

Notice that by assumption f(t) vanishes at the endpoints of the interval, consistent with the inversion formula and the sampling formula given above. Therefore, this transform corresponds to an orthogonal expansion in eigenfunctions of the Dirichlet problem for the Bessel differential equation.

Initialization


  • GSL::Dht.alloc(size)
  • GSL::Dht.alloc(size, nu, xmax)

    These methods allocate a Discrete Hankel transform object GSL::Dht of size size. If three arguments are given, the object is initialized with the values of nu, xmax.


  • GSL::Dht#init(nu, xmax)

    This initializes the transform self for the given values of nu and xmax.

Methods


  • GSL::Dht#apply(vin, vout)
  • GSL::Dht#apply(vin)

    This applies the transform self to the vector vin whose size is equal to the size of the transform.


  • GSL::Dht#x_sample(n)

    This method returns the value of the n‘th sample point in the unit interval, (j_{nu,n+1}/j_{nu,M}) X. These are the points where the function f(t) is assumed to be sampled.


  • GSL::Dht#k_sample(n)

    This method returns the value of the n‘th sample point in "k-space", j_{nu,n+1}/X.


  • GSL::Dht#size

    Returns the size of the sample arrays to be transformed


  • GSL::Dht#nu

    Returns the Bessel function order


  • GSL::Dht#xmax

    Returns the upper limit to the x-sampling domain


  • GSL::Dht#kmax

    Returns the upper limit to the k-sampling domain


  • GSL::Dht#j

    Returns an array of computed J_nu zeros, j_{nu,s} = j[s] as a GSL::Vector::View.


  • GSL::Dht#Jjj

    Returns an array of transform numerator, J_nu(j_i j_m / j_N) as a GSL::Vector::View.


  • GSL::Dht#J2

    Returns an array of transform numerator, J_nu(j_i j_m / j_N).


  • GSL::Dht#coef
  • GSL::Dht#coef(n, m)

    Return the (n,m)-th transform coefficient.

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